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Myopia, more commonly referred to as nearsightedness, is one of the most common vision problems the world over, afflicting some 42 percent of us in the U.S. alone. But the fact that you're in good company may not offer much comfort when you can only see close-up objects clearly. Far more comforting is the fact that our Winchester optometrist, Dr. Joseph P. Deering, can diagnose your vision challenges and prescribe the right corrective measures to bring those distant objects into clarity.
The most common reason for myopia is an eyeball is that is longer than the normal. the typical human eyeball is spherical in shape, which provides the perfect distance between the lens and the retina for light to be refracted into a clear image directly on the retinal surface. In myopia, the eyeball is shaped more like an egg placed on its side. This means that the incoming light comes into focus before it can reach the retina, affecting the clarity of objects beyond a certain distance -- hence the term "nearsightedness." Nearsightedness usually begins in childhood, developing into adulthood and then, in some cases, stabilizing for periods of time.
Why does myopia develop? The condition seems to be at least partly hereditary. But it also appears that children who do lots of close work, such as watching TV, working on computers or reading, could inadvertently encourage their eyes to optimize their shape for those kinds of tasks -- causing distance vision to suffer in the process. In addition to blurred distance vision, myopia can also lead to eye strain, headaches, squinting, and potentially higher risks for other eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma.
Myopia can easily be diagnosed in the course of a comprehensive eye exam at Winchester Optical. The earlier our eye doctor can identify the problem, the earlier we can do something about it. That's why even small children can benefit from an eye exam and vision testing, using an eye chart with shapes instead of letters if need be, to detect early-stage myopia. We can make sure your child's eyes are ready for the reading, writing, and studying necessary for good performance in school.
Fortunately, you have plenty of options for correcting your nearsightedness. Eyeglasses, with the prescription updated to accommodate any changes, are a simple answer. We can also provide you with contacts lenses that compensate for myopia -- and later in life, the additional near-vision problems caused by presbyopia. Some children may even benefit from special contact lenses that are worn overnight to help control myopia's progression during the formative growth years. If you prefer going without corrective lenses, we can co-manage refractive surgeries such as LASIK.
Don't miss out on distance vision -- come visit out Winchester eye doctor for myopia diagnosis and treatment. Call (781) 729-4553 today