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A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon its size and location, it can interfere with normal vision. Most cataracts develop in people over age 55 in Winchester, Woburn, Medford, Arlington, Burlington, Reading, Stoneham, Lexington, and Melrose, but they occasionally occur in infants and young children. There is no way to prevent the development of cataracts and currently the only way to treat them is to surgically remove the natural lens in the eye.
The lens is composed of layers like an onion. The outermost is the capsule. The layer inside the capsule is the cortex, and the innermost layer is the nucleus. A cataract may develop in any of these areas and is described based on its location in the lens:
Early symptoms of cataracts include blurred vision, glare, and difficulty reading. Cataracts generally progress very slowly, and surgery may not be needed for many years, if at all. In some cases, periodic changes in your eyeglass or contact lens prescription may be all that is needed to continue to provide you with good vision.
Waiting to have surgery won’t harm your eyes. The decision to proceed with surgery versus waiting and watching is primarily based on the amount of difficulty you have performing your usual daily activities, and is up to you.
When your vision has decreased to the point where you can no longer easily and safely perform daily activities, then it’s time to consider cataract surgery.
For more information on Cataracts, please visit the below websites: